Sunday, December 14, 2014

Research 01 Day - Notes

DISCLAIMER:  This note is not to be an considered as the sole source of knowledge, you are encouraged to refer to others books.  This does not replace the intricacies of class room dynamics.

 Things that we expect to do during the semester.
  1. Give you the basics of research
  2. Make a research paper chapters 1-3
  3. Conduct title defense
  4. Conduct design hearing with select CAS faculty.
What is Research?
Research defined as a systematic inquiry that uses disciplined methods to answer questions or solve problems (Polit & Beck, 2013).

How to select a good title for a research (Creswell, 2013)
-Based on personal experience, interest, expertize, comfortability, and identify your audience.

The Three research designs. (Creswell, 2012)
  1. Quantitative studies concepts, variables, constructs data is purely numerical, uses relational (cause and effect, functional relationships) perspective.  Participants are called respondents, uses questionnaire or other tools.  
  2. Qualitative  studies phenomena, concepts; narrative in nature, seeks to find patters of association.  Participants are called Informants or Key Informants.  Uses Inductive Reasoning.
  3. Mixed approach - a combination of the two other designs.
For Methodology, you are to select one and make sure your selection fits the reason why you picked a certain design.

The Four Major philosophical approaches (Cresswell, 2002)
These should be added in your theoretical/philosophical/conceptual approach in Chapter one.  Your paper must reflect who are the main proponents and discuss how these view affects the way you make your paper. 

  1. Post positivity uses determination, reduction, empirical observation and research, theory verification.  For Quantitative Researches only.  
  2.  Constructivism - uses understanding, multiple participant meaning, social and historical construction.  Focuses on theory generation FOR QUALITATIVE Studies only.  
  3.  Transformative - Political, power, justice oriented, collaborative, change oriented   FOR QUANTITATIVE research.
  4.  Pragmatism -  focuses on consequence of actions, problem centered, pluralistic, real word and practice oriented.  FOR MIXED APPROACH only.

Creswell, J. W. (2002). Educational research: Planning, conducting, and   evaluating quantitative.
Creswell, J. W. (2013). Research design: Qualitative, quantitative, and mixed methods approaches. Sage. 
Creswell, J. W. (2012). Qualitative inquiry and research design: Choosing among five approaches. Thousand Oaks:  Sage publications.
Polit, D. F., & Beck, C. T. (2013). Nursing research: Generating and assessing evidence for nursing practice. Philippines: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.

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